Proper nutrition after stenting: what foods can be consumed. what should be abandoned
The stenting procedure is indicated for patients after a heart attack, with active coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis. The presence of a stent in the heart prevents the occurrence of repeated heart attacks, reduces the pain associated with cardiovascular disease, and prolongs the life of the patient.
The main recommendations after stenting surgery include:
- constant contact with the attending physician;
- regular measurement of blood pressure;
- absolute refusal to drink alcohol and smoke, including electronic cigarettes and hookah.
Since the stent is a foreign body, blood clots can form on it. And this contributes to restenosis — re-occlusion of the coronary vessels after surgery.
As a preventive measure in such cases, doctors prescribe anticoagulant blood thinners, such as Brilinta, and a special cardio diet. Failure to follow these recommendations may result in rupture or displacement of the stent. Then stenting will be ineffective.
Purpose of Dietary Changes After Stenting
A balanced diet after stent placement is just as important as supportive medication.
Compliance with a cardiological diet is aimed at improving the lipid profile of the blood, lowering the level of cholesterol and triglycerides. In people with obesity and overweight — to normalize body weight. Therefore, in the diet there is a 100% taboo on fatty foods, a restriction on the use of animal fats and hydrogenated vegetable oils rich in trans fats.
What is allowed to eat after stent surgery?
Due to the likelihood of nausea and vomiting on the first day after stenting surgery, doctors recommend a liquid diet — eat chicken broth, vegetable puree soup, drink still mineral water.
Then, in order to alleviate the exhausted body while providing it with nutrients, it is necessary to switch to an easily digestible diet for the heart. When compiling the menu, one should also take into account concomitant chronic diseases, such as diabetes, gastritis or kidney disease, lactose intolerance.
In any case, the menu should be dominated by:
vegetables and unsweetened fruits,
fatty sea fish and seafood,
whole grain products.
You need to eat 5-6 times a day in small portions at regular intervals. 2-3 main meals and 2-3 snacks. The last meal should be no later than 2-3 hours before bedtime. It is very important to drink at least 2 liters of low sodium mineral water.
For bedridden patients, the diet should be low-calorie — per 1 kg of body weight should not exceed 20 kcal (for example: a man weighing 110 kg with a normal body weight of 80 kg should consume 1600 kcal per day).
For obese people, the fat content of foods should be reduced to 20%. Protein should be consumed in an amount of 1-1.5 g per kg of body weight.
What foods make you feel better after stenting?
Soluble fiber, found in both fresh and frozen vegetables and fruits, contains plant sterols.
Omega-3 fatty acids are present in oily sea fish (mackerel, herring, sardines, salmon, tuna) and meat (turkey, chicken, veal, rabbit), linseed and rapeseed oils and nuts.
Whole-grain bread, dark pasta, brown rice, buckwheat (preferably green), chicken eggs (at least 2 times a week) saturate the body with energy.
The cleansing of the stomach and intestines is facilitated by the use of low-fat dairy products: milk, cottage cheese, natural yogurt, kefir, buttermilk.
Adding any fresh herbs, herbs and natural spices to dishes (except for cases of individual sensitivity) also has a beneficial effect on the condition of the heart muscle.
What foods should be avoided with a stent in the heart?
Doctors strongly recommend limiting the amount of salt, sugar, and avoiding animal fats and trans fats, as well as butter, lard, hard margarines, hydrogenated (hydrated) vegetables, fried fat. Similar objections apply to heavy soups with factory dressings, as well as mayonnaise and fatty sauces. All this contributes to the formation of atherosclerotic vascular lesions and an increase in body weight.
For the same purpose, it is necessary to exclude from your diet:
all kinds of confectionery, sweets, white pasta, wheat flour and white rice;
fatty dairy products — whole milk, cream and toppings for desserts, hard and processed cheese, ice cream, cakes and pastries with creams.
For lovers of gastronomic delights, delicacies and culinary experiments, the main disappointment will be that the cardiological diet involves a ban on fried, breaded, stewed, smoked and very spicy foods, pates, sausages.
Baking in foil, grilling or deep-fried fish, fatty meats (pork, beef, bacon, duck, goose) are not recommended.
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